React Native vs Flutter – Which one is better?

With the mainstream adoption of modernized technology, the demand for mobile applications has reached an unprecedented level. To suffice the increasing needs for the customers and businesses, a consistent inflow of niche technology, platforms, and frameworks has become indispensable.

For developing a high-performance app for budding businesses, mobile app developers require a robust technology that makes time-consuming coding simple as well as efficient. Thus, most of them are turning to cross-platform app frameworks as they are sought-after in today’s mobile app development market.  

Nowadays, React Native and Flutter are deemed two significant frameworks that have been neck and neck for proving their worth. The comparison between these two development frameworks has been a hot topic for the past two years. So, we are going to share our perspective on these frameworks in this article.

Let’s have a quick comparison to decide what to choose in 2020

Facebook launched React Native as a hybrid framework in 2015, which gained a rapid momentum due to its benefits. Experts believe that React Native is the future of hybrid applications.

On the contrary, Flutter introduced by Google is a newbie in the market, which helps mobile app developers in creating intuitive native-like, cross-platform apps quickly.

Below, we have shed light on performance-based comparisons of these frameworks, done on the basis of various factors.

User Interface

When it comes to an app’s user interface and creating the block component, you will witness a considerable gap between Flutter and React Native. While React Native is based on native components, Flutter operates flawlessly with the proprietary widget sets. These widgets are considered the best for creating a customized UI design that also provides dynamism as well as native support.

However, proprietary widgets have a few drawbacks due to which the app lacks a few components, resulting in compromising the user experience. Thus, React Native wins the credit for being the most dynamic framework that improves the user experience of the apps.

Development Time

React Native has become one of the most reliable frameworks for building high-quality, next-gen applications. Mobile app developers prefer this framework because of its efficiency and reduced development time frame. Also, most people hire React Native app developers to give a mobile presence to their businesses and stay ahead of the competition. The ready-to-use React Native components facilitate and expedite the app development process.

On the other hand, Flutter takes more time in app development. Though this framework promises high-quality usability, it demands more recognition as compared to React Native.

Performance

The performance mapping of React Native and Flutter is the best way to figure the ideal mobile app development framework. Dart frame is deemed the key reason why these frameworks have surpassed the other frameworks. Furthermore, the JavaScript layer helps them in connecting with native components seamlessly.

React Native has a broader community as React Native app developers don’t have to face challenges while creating a hybrid app in a native environment using this framework. However, they sometimes witness issues while running a React Native app architecture.

On the other hand, Flutter makes it extremely easy as developers can reuse the existing codes. The C++ engine works perfectly and supports the language. Thus, Flutter steals the thunder here.

Stability

Stability is one of the key factors for a Flutter and React Native app development company to create a frictionless mobile app. The competition between React Native and Flutter is quite tough. In 2017, the Alpha version of the latter framework had left it one step behind as it is not ideal for large projects. But, it made a comeback by launching a Beta 2 version, which offers some exceptional features for mobile app developers.

In contrast, React Native’s community support, and its consistency has made it a more demanding and reliable framework. While React Native has already made a statement in the industry, Flutter is still striving to make a mark. Thus, React Native has outclassed Flutter without an iota of doubt.

Customer Base

React Native needs no introduction as it was and is the best mobile app development framework so far. This framework is perfect for every kind of project as apps like Instagram, Skype, Facebook, Airbnb, as well as Walmart have been developed using this technology.

In contrast, Flutter that came into existence a few years ago is still struggling to match with the benefits offered by React Native. Due to its inception after React Native, it will take more time to gain popularity and acquire a large community.

Documentation & Toolkit

Documentation is a complicated and time-consuming process. Flutter facilitates this process and makes it easier for developers to document the applications. Thus, as far as documentation is considered, this framework is way better than that of React Native.

On the other hand, the documentation process with React Native is not so organized. This framework deletes the components that streamline this process.

Besides, the tools bring forth a fierce competition between these two frameworks. Flutter possesses a wide array of IDEs as well as tools with React Native support. Also, this framework is highly compatible with the Visual Studio Code and Android Studio. Therefore, Flutter is a clear-cut winner in this aspect.

Takeaway

So, this is a detailed list of the comparisons between React Native and Flutter that are sought-after among startups as well as well-established businesses. Both of these frameworks have their own benefits in terms of performance, stability, documentation, and community.

Thus, it is kinda hard to decide which one is better as both come with their own pros and cons. But we can say that Flutter will take more time to gain stability in the industry as this is a relatively new framework. This concludes that React Native is a smart choice for hybrid app development.

A Comprehensive Guide to Mesh Network in IoT – An Expert’s Take

Earlier, establishing connections beyond a single point was a strenuous task. It used to require high-cost hardware solutions and software implementations to connect in-between spaces needed for device-to-device communication. With the advancement of IoT platforms, IoT app developers have started to adopt a low-cost, low-power approach i.e., Wireless mesh networks, to bridge the gap between these devices.

What is a Wireless Mesh Network?

In a mesh network, infrastructure nodes are connected wirelessly. These nodes further connect to a host of other nodes to facilitate data communication. Since every device has at least two ways to transfer data, the whole network doesn’t have to rely on a single node only. 

On the contrary, the conventional star network is a way in which all the devices are directly connected to the gateway. Thus, the whole structure becomes very dependent and prone to connection failures. Besides, the crash in one node connection impedes the data transfer in the entire network.

Therefore, businesses are more likely to rely on a mesh network instead of a star network.

Working of a Mesh Network

Depending upon the standard type used in a mesh network, 2-4 different components come in handy.

Nodes – 

Every mesh network has nodes i.e., the devices that communicate data with each other.

Gateway – 

Gateway not only allows devices to transfer data in the network but also provides a backhaul to the internet for the local mesh network.

Repeater – 

In the case of wifi type of mesh network, there are repeaters that maintain internet signal and forward messages between endpoints.

Endpoint – 

Endpoints are mesh-only devices that don’t route messages for other devices, but send them to other nodes. That’s why they are referred to as endpoints. Specifically, they have no networking responsibilities, can enter sleep mode, and are excellent components for battery-powered nodes and sensors.

Mesh network for IoT devices transfers data in two ways: Flooding or Routing. In Flooding, all the nodes act as a data broadcaster. Thus, this technique expedites data communication. However, Flooding is an energy-consuming approach. 

At the same time, routing chooses one path and transfers the data package from node to node until it reaches the endpoint. Unlike flooding, routing sends data to one node at a time. It chooses another route only when the connection in the first route breaks. Furthermore, to ensure efficiency, the mesh network adopts Shortest Path Bridging i.e., SPB or IEEE 802.1aq algorithm, to transfer data via the shortest route available.

 Types of Mesh Network

In a mesh network for IoT devices, IoT app developers can connect devices in two ways: Full Mesh Network or Partial Mesh Network.

Full mesh network requires end-to-end connection among every device, router, or switch to provide a high degree of redundancy and efficiency. Besides, it facilitates data package communication by single-link. 

On the other hand, in a partial mesh network, devices are not directly connected to each other. But still, each device is connected to at least two other nodes. So, this type of mesh network enables rapid data transfer from one node to the other.

Benefits of Mesh Network in IoT

Mesh Network for IoT devices offers enormous benefits that make it sought-after in enterprises and significant in an IoT app development company.

Self-healing

Like Shortest Path Bridging, Self-healing algorithm automatically chooses the best path to transfer data even if a few nodes lose connection. Specifically, it uses only those connections that are available and working to maintain the task.

Self-configuring

Due to auto-discovery, mesh networks are self-configuring in nature. Hence, the new nodes calibrate automatically and connect to the network without any previous setup. Consequently, network administration and expansion become easier in mesh networking.

Scalability and Reliability

In a mesh network, it is way easy to add or remove nodes without any efficiency issue. Usually, issues are in proportion to the devices. However, it is quite the opposite in the case of a mesh network. Adding nodes in a mesh network provides more routes in which data package can travel, which makes the network faster, reliable, and error-resistant.

Cost Reduction

Since mesh networks don’t require internet connection, it consumes ultra-little energy. Meanwhile, sensors are pocket-friendly and long-lasting.

Besides, IoT implementation reduces expenses in many other ways like better management, optimization of resources usage, and more.

Drawbacks of Mesh Network in IoT

Though there are ample benefits of a mesh network, it also comes with a few drawbacks. So, it is essential to gain in-depth knowledge of this network before deciding whether a mesh network is a perfect fit for you.

Low Capacity

Mesh network is the best way of sending small data packages. Unfortunately, it doesn’t perform well while transferring video file sized data.

Still, if transferring a large amount of data is compulsory, then the wifi mesh network would be a better option.

Latency

Actively switching from one node to another can decelerate the data receiving process. However, it is not an issue when your system requires a package every few minutes or so. But, it might be not enough for a few systems.

Conversely, a full mesh network can accelerate the data transfer by connecting every node to one another.

Maintenance

Due to the self-healing ability of the mesh network, finding a non-working node might be time-consuming. Also, we won’t come to know if a node is having an issue.

On the other hand, mesh networks for IoT devices are established to make the IoT system smarter and more efficient. So, the nodes are less prone to crash.

Where IoT Mesh Network Can be Used

With new technologies, wireless mesh networking has reached a point of maturity and become ideal for IoT app developers. Besides, the elevation of connected homes and industry support on open-source resources has made mesh truly accessible and low-cost. They are also regarded as much more viable and real choice for commercial as well as industrial IoT apps. At the same time, it can render extra services in a system where extending a two-node connection is limited.

Smart Cities –  

A wireless mesh network is the best for extending radio signals through campus grounds, business parks, parking garages, and other outdoor facilities. Besides extending signals throughout the whole space, it can be able to send a message when a spot is occupied. Thus, areas like parking garages that need space availability checkers significantly benefit from a mesh network.

Healthcare Equipment – 

A mesh network can facilitate monitoring and locating medical equipment. It can also serve as a backup for medical devices that always require to stay online. Thus, if one node crashes and loses connectivity, another node can step in to maintain the connection.

Smart Home – 

You can track and manage temperature across your home using a wireless mesh network. You can also capture live data and adjust settings automatically by setting up one powered gateway, sensors, and mesh-enabled nodes in each room.

Farming – 

Mesh networking is the best way to track sun exposure and water levels across the crops and fields. Additionally, you can create a cellular-connected IoT platform by building a mesh network across a whole acreage with the help of an IoT app development company.

Is Wireless Mesh Networking Right for You?

Before choosing a mesh network for your IoT project, you must take three core variables into account: installation, device management, and support.

Installation – 

Installation of mesh network depends on your intended app. You need to figure out if you need a distributed set of mesh nodes for your project. Furthermore, if you plan to deploy mesh for industrial or commercial apps, set up a small-scale mesh network to discover the system efficiency before implementing a large-scale mesh network system.

Device Management – 

A mesh-enabled IoT solution allows you to manage fleets of devices, perform diagnostics, monitor event logs, and send updates wirelessly.

Support – 

Before investing in a mesh solution, it is a wise idea to take the community surrounding it into consideration. Mesh networks with limited adoption have fewer resources available to help you in development.

The Bottom Line

Mesh Network is an essential component for IoT infrastructure as it allows devices to cover more area as well as garner more data. If you are planning to incorporate wireless mesh network into your IoT architecture, examine the entire IoT system, instead of a single component.

Besides, to build an end-to-end IoT product, you need to integrate hardware, software, connectivity, and research IoT platforms that can provide these components.

With this in mind, we suggest consulting experienced IoT app developers who can help you to scope these three complexities and develop a high-quality IoT product.

5 Hybrid App Frameworks Ruling the Mobile App Development Market

The tech innovations are escalating at an unprecedented level. Experts are toiling relentlessly to make advancements in the existing ways of systems deployment. Akin to the introduction of smartphones and mobile applications in the operational frame, they are likely to bring forth more technological progressions over the coming years.

Talking about hybrid apps, we have witnessed many frameworks that claim to facilitate and expedite the app development process. However, counting on the best, feature-rich, and user-friendly hybrid framework is easier said than done. Thus, to help you pick the perfect framework for your hybrid mobile app development project, we have outlined the prominent ones that are currently ruling the market.

Hybrid App Frameworks Redefining Mobile App Development

Ionic

The Ionic framework is a comprehensive open-source software development kit (SDK) for building hybrid apps. Built on top of Apache Cordova and AngularJS, Ionic offers tools and services for developing cross-platform applications using Web technologies such as HTML5, CSS, and Sass. Hence, the developed apps can be distributed through native app stores to be installed on devices by leveraging Cordova.

Ionic is a free and open-source project and has over 120 native device features including, HealthKit, Bluetooth, Finger Print Auth, and more with PhoneGap/Cordova plugins and TypeScript extensions. So, developers can use their CLI to develop, test, and deploy Ionic applications onto any platform.

Additionally, this framework possesses an Ionicons icon pack with a myriad of the most common application icons. It provides live reloading during development as compiling and redeploying the app at every step is a time-consuming process. Also, there are more useful features in Ionic like deep linking, Ionic Native, AoT (Ahead-of-Time) compiling.

React Native

Introduced as a web-interface development platform in 2013, Facebook launched React Native as a hybrid app framework in 2015. This framework provides users with an almost native-like experience among applications with extended stability. Consequently, React Native has a massive potential to become the best cross-platform app development framework in the foreseeable future.

Using this framework, React Native developers can build apps using only JavaScript. It uses a similar design as React, enabling them to compose an intuitive mobile user interface (UI) from declarative components. Therefore, this framework helps developers to create real mobile applications that are indistinguishable from Java/Objective-C apps.

Furthermore, React Native uses a similar basic UI building block as regular Android and iOS applications, and the developers have to put these blocks together using React and JavaScript.

Flutter

Flutter has gained high momentum over the last two years. This open-source SDK launched by Google allows developers to build apps using Dart language. Flutter uses a modern reactive framework enabling app developers to create an interactive, native-like user interface. The framework under the hood uses a two-dimensional (2D) rendering engine to develop all the UI elements. Hence, apps build using this framework look similar on all the platforms.

This framework is built with Dart, C, C++, and Skia graphics engine, while Dart is used for creating components, and the Skia 2D graphics engine is used by under the hood for bringing life to code. As said above, the framework code is written in Dart language, whereas the engine is implemented in C++. The C/C++ code is compiled into the native code with the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). Similarly, on iOS, the C/C++ code is Ahead-of-Time (AOT) compiled into native code with LLVM (Low-Level Virtual Machine)

Additionally, Flutter uses its own set of Widgets instead of Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) Widgets. Flutter Widgets are basically higher-order components developed on top of the rendering library, which is further developed in the top lower level animation & paint libraries. At the lowest level, all the user interface code uses Skia to render the app UI. This framework runs most of its app code inside a lightweight Dart VM.

Xamarin

Xamarin is a Microsoft-owned framework having cross-platform implementations of the Common Language Specifications and Common Language Infrastructure.

With C# shared codebase, mobile app developers can utilize Xamarin tools to code native iOS, Android, and Windows apps with native UI and distribute code across multiple platforms. Being a robust hybrid mobile app development framework, Xamarin saves time while re-utilizing tools, abilities, and teams. Hence, developers can influence the array of Android and Xamarin APIs and also design a remarkable experience for glass with Android GDK and SDK.

Adobe PhoneGap

PhoneGap, also known as Apache Cordova, is a popular hybrid framework for cross-platform mobile app development. It is an open-source distribution of the Cordova framework using which developers can reuse existing web development skills and thus, rapidly build hybrid apps for multiple platforms with a single codebase.

The core of Apache Cordova apps uses JavaScript for their logic and HTML5 and CSS3 for their rendering. HTML5 provides access to underlying access like a camera, accelerometer, and GPS. However, the browser’s support for HTML5-based device access isn’t consistent across mobile browsers, specifically older Android versions. To surmount these limitations, Cordova embeds HTML5 code inside a native WebView on the device, using a foreign function interface to access its native resources.

Above all, Apache Cordova can be extended with native plugins, enabling app developers to add more functionalities that can be called from JavaScript, facilitating direct communication between the native layer and the HTML5 page. The plugins can also provide access to the device’s camera, accelerometer, microphone, file system, compass, and more.

Final Words

These are the sought-after frameworks for hybrid mobile app development. If you are planning to give an online presence to your business, incline toward the hybrid model. It will help you to create a quick cross-platform app as developers can reuse the same code for multiple platforms. Furthermore, a hybrid app is a perfect solution for deploying applications faster and building prototype apps. The aforementioned frameworks can certainly provide you the best user experience, like a native application.

Given the current trends, we shall suggest tapping into the React Native framework as it is easy for development as well as maintenance of the small to enterprise-level project.

To know why you should rely on React Native framework, feel free to approach the experts of our React Native app development company.

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How Voice User Interface is Making a Statement in the Global Market

Voice user interfaces (VUI) have been gaining momentum with each passing day. It has been anticipated that 30% of the web browsing will take place without a screen by 2020. Emerging fields like Natural Language Processing (NLP) that facilitate the voice interactions between computers and humans are all set to propel the next wave of innovation. These interactions are not only limited to a few key phrases but also include natural user conversations. This is why businesses are adopting this trend to deliver a seamless experience to their users and expand their user base.

How a VUI benefit businesses

VUI technology has the potential to influence customer interactions across a myriad of touchpoints and add value to all the industries. We have already realized its power in the travel, automobiles, wearables, hospitality and banking sectors. In brief, frictionless VUI promises benefits like:

  • Drastic error reduction with deep learning algorithms
  • Considerable elevation in the IoT-driven wearable tech
  • Access facilitation for visually impaired people

People are already creating and leveraging VUI-based system such as smart homes, autonomous cars, intelligent pharmacies and many more for the betterment of their business. Being an early adopter of this trend will definitely enable you to improve your customer engagement and stay ahead in the wave of technological advancements.

How VUI can supplant a graphical user interface (GUI)

GUI-based systems can come in handy to support complex user interfaces in the future. However, businesses have to give a modernization makeover to their application to survive and thrive in this cutting-edge competition. Thus, we can say that the future belongs to clutter-free voice user interface environments and the GUI will fade away gradually.

Additionally, like graphical user and visual interface, VUI is also not immune to security vulnerabilities. So, most VUI designers integrate account linking feature into the system to authenticate and secure data transmission.

How VUI gained global traction

Consumers are experiencing amazing VUI in voice assistants like Amazon Alexa, Apple Siri, Google Home, and Microsoft Cortona, and Google Home that are leading VUI service providers. With the increasing demand, VUI is also gaining traction by facilitating a variety of tasks like playing music, ordering food, setting an alarm, booking a cab and more.  

Summing Up:

Nowadays, companies are investing a lot to improve the usability of their product and deliver the best experience to their customers. With the voice user interface being the future, they can gain competitive advantage and foster their growth in relatively less time. To embark on and navigate the VUI journey, most businesses hire Alexa developers who can help them to evaluate the apps on all types of devices with diverse pronunciations, commands, and voice ranges.

4 IoT Trends All Set to Drive Innovation in the Future

Internet of Things (IoT) has been gaining high momentum lately. The persistent implementation of IoT in the last 4-5 years has now turned into a sought-after trend. This technology has radically changed the way we communicate and look at the world. Connecting things like TV, AC, electrical meter, etc. to your mobile or any other smart device and operating it with the help of cloud support is something beyond our imagination. However, IoT has made it possible by disrupting almost every industry.

According to the Gartner Research project, there are approx. 27B IoT devices in the global market in 2019, which is anticipated to elevate to 75B by 2025. Besides, IoT global market will rise to 457B by 2020, which ensures that IoT is going to be a boon for the world. The continuous evolvement in technology is facilitating so many things in diverse marketplaces.

Below, we have shed light on a few IoT trends that are going to play a significant role in the coming years.

5G Networks

5G networks will have a considerable impact on the Internet of Things due to their increasing consumer readiness. Once they become mainstream, they will operate at a way faster speed than we are accustomed to and thus, enable IoT to access the locations that are believed to be inaccessible.

Also, the cable networks may work well with IoT devices in some instances, but these networks can’t match the speed of 5G networks. 5G networks are probably going to make smart cities more viable than ever before.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The IoT and AI are closely linked to each other. Let’s understand this concept with an example.

Suppose a business is planning to run an industrial network that is responsible for the processing of large volumes of data each week. Handling this task manually is nearly impossible for the businesses that want to streamline their processes.

So, machine learning algorithms will need to be implemented to record the data and recognize the outliers. The fusion of IoT and AI makes this possible, allowing businesses to learn more about the early warning signs of upcoming issues, run smoothly,  and foster their growth.

 Voice-Enabled Devices

The internet has already given voice to a plethora of devices. Now, the Internet of Things is going to voice almost everything that we possess. We all are well-accustomed to voice assistants like Siri and Alexa introduced by Apple and Amazon respectively. The voice-enabled systems allow us to perform all sorts of simple tasks like setting the alarm, ordering a meal, booking a cab, etc. with just a voice command. Car companies are also working on more vocal automobiles to add value to people’s lives.

Voice control options are going to become more sought-after over the coming years. The IoT will make life easier by voicing up almost every task and allowing people to become more productive. Enterprise technology and industrial technology will also get the opportunity to leverage these technological advancements.

Cloud Computing

IoT stimulates communication between devices by connecting them with the internet. For the successful execution of this communication process, there is a need for storing massive data, and IoT exploits Big Data and Cloud Computing for this purpose. While the Big Data saves large chunks of data, Cloud Computing ensures the security and timely transfer of the data. In brief, we can say that cloud computing will be one of the best trends in the foreseeable future.

Final Verdict

There is a lot more to the trends of the Internet of Things. The trends explained above are just the beginning of what is possible with an interconnected world in the future when the IoT devices will be widely adopted. The use cases for IoT-enabled devices will continue to grow and expand in the connected future. Since IoT devices will certainly offer more features, functionalities, and productivity from their IoT-connected devices, organizations should partner with an IoT development company to take full advantage of these unique capabilities of IoT.

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